Flight Regulatory Program

Tennessee Tree Toppers

Flight Regulatory Program (FRP)

TTT Flight Regulatory Program – 2018:  

A. Clearance Procedure

1. Tennessee Tree Toppers (TTT) membership is required prior to use of TTT facilities. Pilots showing intent to fly without proper clearance are subject to citation (see FRP section H. TTT Citation System.) Glider setup at launch is considered evidence of intent to fly.

2. All pilots are subject to the clearance procedure. Pilots may be questioned regarding knowledge and experience and are required to show evidence of current USHPA membership if they are not already listed on the current TTT pilot roster. If the clearance official is uncertain of the applicant pilot’s competence, the applicant pilot may be required to demonstrate skills at another site. Pilots may be required to acquire or improve certain skills before clearance for specific sites is granted.

3. The TTT rating system complies with USHPA standards. The TTT reserves the right to issue a TTT rating below the USHPA rating where warranted.

4. Online payment, registration and renewal at the TTT website are encouraged. Personal checks are accepted. Checks returned for insufficient funds will result in suspension of membership privileges until settlement of account.

5. No refunds are available after official clearance.

 

B. Flight Permit Skill Level Minimum Requirements and Limitations

Overall limitations:

1. Student (H0/P0) and Beginner (H1/P1) flight operations are not permitted on TTT managed or insured Launch and Landing sites.

2. Minimum rating for flight operations at any TTT managed site are USHPA H2 Novice or USHPA P2 Novice, with a minimum number of flights and flight hours. Evidence of credentials may be required prior to flight clearance.

3. The first 5 flights by H2/P2 pilots require the pilot’s instructor approval and an experienced TTT member, rated H3/P3 or above, for approval and guidance during launch. TTT recommended minimum qualifications are as follows:
o H2: 10 high altitude flights, 1 hour logged flight time
o P2: 10 high altitude flights, 1 hour logged flight time

4. Wind conditions appropriate for hang glider wire crew require USHPA Assisted Windy Cliff Launch (AWCL) rating sign-off.

5. Aircraft must be appropriate for USHPA ratings and skills held. Aircraft which require skill level above the skills and/or ratings held by the pilot may not be flown at TTT sites.

6. All pilots fly at their own risk and assume all responsibility for evaluation of conditions appropriate to their skill level.

7. See Section C for site specific guidelines.

Rating specific limitations:

Hang Glider: TTT H2 Novice limitations:
1. Smooth winds of 15 MPH or less.
2. Variable base winds of 11 MPH or less gusting to 15 MPH or less.
3. Wind direction within 30 degrees of straight in to launch.

Hang Glider: TTT H3 Intermediate limitations:
1. Smooth winds of 20 MPH or less.
2. Variable base winds of 15 MPH or less gusting to 20 MPH or less.

Hang Glider: TTT H4 Advanced limitation recommendations:
1. Smooth winds of 30 MPH or less.
2. Variable base winds of 20 MPH or less gusting to 25 MPH or less.

Hang Glider: TTT H5 Master, fly at your own risk.

Paraglider: TTT P2 Novice limitations:
1. Maximum base wind of 12 MPH.
2. Maximum peak gusts to 15 MPH.
3. Maximum gust rate of 5 MPH in 5 seconds.
4. Wind direction within 30 degrees of straight in to launch.
5. Thermal strength limitation recommendations:
a. Should not fly in thermal lift where peak climb rates exceed 200 FPM.
b. After thermalling skills have developed, not to exceed 500 FPM.

Paraglider: TTT P3 Intermediate limitations:
1. Maximum base wind of 15 MPH.
2. Maximum peak gusts to 18 MPH.
3. Maximum gust rate of 5 MPH in 5 seconds.
4. Should not fly in thermal lift where peak climb rates exceed 800 FPM

Paraglider: TTT P4 Advanced limitation recommendations:
1. Maximum base wind of 20 MPH or less.
2. Maximum peak gusts to 25 MPH or less.

Paraglider: TTT P5 Master, fly at your own risk.

 

C. Site Skill Requirements

Launches:

Henson Gap – Radial Ramp Launch
1. Hang Gliders only.
2. Minimum rating of TTT H2 Novice.
3. Cliff launch (CL) and/or Assisted Windy Cliff launch (AWCL) rating required
4. First mountain flights allowed under the supervision of a TTT BOD approved and USHPA rated instructor or observer. Instructor or observer to be at launch and on radio with pilot during flight.

Henson Gap – Burnside Slope Launch
1. Hang Gliders – Minimum rating of TTT H3 Intermediate.
2. Paragliders – Minimum rating of TTT P3 Intermediate.
3. TTT BOD or FRP members can approve the following upon pilot skill evaluation:
a. Hang Gliders – Minimum rating of TTT H2 Novice.
b. Paragliders – Minimum rating of TTT P2 Novice.
4. First mountain flights prohibited.

Whitwell – Launch
1. Hang Gliders – Minimum rating of TTT H3 Intermediate.
2. Cliff launch (CL) and/or Assisted Windy Cliff launch (AWCL) rating required
3. Paragliders
a. Minimum rating of TTT P4 with TTT BOD or FRP member approval prior to flight activities. Requires full briefing from FRP designated pilot.
b. Minimum rating of TTT P3 with safety observer present during each launch, and TTT BOD or FRP member approval prior to flight activities. Requires full briefing from FRP designated pilot.
4. First mountain flights prohibited.

Landing Fields:

Henson Gap – Davis Loop Road LZ
1. Hang Gliders and Paragliders.
2. Minimum rating of TTT H2 Novice or TTT P2 Novice.

Whitwell – First Baptist Church LZ
1. Hang Gliders and Paragliders.
2. Minimum rating of TTT H3 Intermediate or TTT P3 Intermediate.

Whitwell – Castle LZ
1. Hang Gliders and Paragliders.
2. Minimum rating of TTT H3 Intermediate or TTT P3 Intermediate.
3. Minimum rating of TTT P2 during P2 conditions, as validated by TTT P3 or above.

Whitwell – Hudson LZ
1. Hang Gliders and Paragliders.
2. Minimum rating of TTT H3 Intermediate or TTT P3 Intermediate.

D. Permitted Instruction

1. No person shall conduct or receive any pilot training on TTT property or at sites managed by the TTT except as provided in this section.

2. Instruction at TTT sites requires BOD approval. Current USHPA certification and current TTT membership are required of all Instructor Administrator, Instructor, Tandem Instructor and Student pilot applicants. All TTT approved instructors must receive written approval from the BOD on an annual basis.

3. All student, pilot and instructor training will be conducted by a TTT approved and USHPA recognized Advanced Instructor or under the direct and proximate supervision of a TTT recognized Advanced Instructor or Instructor Administrator.

4. Instructor applications must be presented to the TTT BOD before a regularly scheduled meeting occurring prior to any instruction, and Instructor or Administrator applicants must attend that meeting. Applications to the BOD for recognition should be reviewed and approved by the TTT BOD.

5. All tandem operations must be conducted in compliance with current TTT policy, USHPA policy and FAA regulation. The tandem pilot in command must hold a current and appropriate USHPA rating, USHPA membership, and TTT membership. The tandem pilot must carry FAA Tandem Exemption #4721 and proof of USHPA rating, to be presented upon request. Tandem pilots executing tandem flights for compensation must hold PASA certification and RRRG insurance. The tandem passenger must be a current USHPA member, TTT member, and/or otherwise qualify as tandem passenger under the current USHPA tandem exemption. All conditions of the current USHPA tandem exemption must be met and all flights must comply with all Conditions and Limitations.

6. Every member benefits by training and mentoring, but instructional operations should not routinely interfere with other member flight activities, either on launches or in landing areas.

 

E. Flying Rules

1. All flight activities must comply with USHPA part 100 and FAA FAR part 103.

2. When launching from TTT sites in conditions requiring wire crew assistance, pilots of aircraft without side flying wires must provide a suitable alternative wing restraint system. If no such system is available, launch clearance will be revoked pending compliance.

F: Landing Field Rules

The Landing Field is primarily designated for landing of free flight aircraft. According to FAA FAR – 14 CFR 91.113 (g): landing aircraft have right of way over all other operations. This includes breaking down hang gliders, packing up paragliders, and kiting of paragliders.

Paraglider pilots kiting in the LZ should be aware at all times of any aircraft in the vicinity of the LZ, and should deflate and move to an area that is away from any normal landing areas, while other aircraft are on approach. Kiting paraglider pilots should make it obvious that they are NOT intending to inflate while other aircraft are on approach to land. This will considerably reduce the stress level, and increase the safety level, of the pilot executing the landing.

Once an aircraft has landed, the pilot should move their equipment immediately to the breakdown/pack-up area(s), so as not to cause conflict with other landing aircraft.

Landing activities on Sunday shall not take place during and for one hour after church service at the First Baptist Church LZ in Whitwell.

 

G: Flying Event Approval

1. All Flying Events and/or Competitions involving TTT properties require written request by the event organizer and approval of the TTT BOD.

2. All requests for events organized by entities external to the TTT itself shall be presented to the TTT Competition Committee in writing well prior to the proposed event date. The request submission should include: resumes of organizers and directors; risk mitigation plans; site impact studies and reparation proposals; potential task, route and goal field selection; and the required paperwork that would be presented to the USHPA for event consideration (if applicable). The TTT Competition Committee will determine the requirements of the submittal dependent upon the significance of the proposed event.

 

H: TTT Citation System

1. Infraction of these regulations may result in immediate suspension of membership privileges upon citation by any TTT BOD member pending investigation, ruling, and resolution by the BOD.

2. The TTT BOD will hear the citation, results of any investigation of the violation, and any defense from the member charged with violation, at the next BOD meeting.

3. The BOD will set penalties for violations and/or other conditions for reinstatement, except where specified in this document or the TTT Bylaws, on an individual case basis.

4. Membership privileges will continue in suspension and new application will be denied until such penalties and/or other conditions for reinstatement of membership privileges as may be set by the TTT BOD, this document, and/or the TTT Bylaws have been satisfied.

5. The BOD will approve reinstatement of membership privileges at the next meeting after satisfaction of penalties and/or other conditions.

 

2018 Bylaws Committee:

Jeff Laughrey, Dan Shell, Mark Dunn, Tom Jaeger, Bryson Harper

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